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About Louis Poulsen
Louis Poulsen’s lighting philosophy is admired around the world and owe much of the honour to PH, who initiated what later developed into our lighting philosophy in the late 1920s. In essence, the creation of human-friendly lighting and comfortable lighting made people beautiful, and resulted in an excellent atmosphere. Louis Poulsen’s lighting philosophy consisted of three elements: function, comfort and ambience. The abbreviation FCA™ (function, comfort and ambience) communicated to the world about the values which defined lighting.
Louis Poulsen’s approach to lighting encompassed a very strict and uncompromising product philosophy grounded in simplicity. There were no elements that did not serve a light related purpose. This resulted in creating a product with a very simple and discreet design, ideally suited to all types of architecture, both new and old, across cultural styles. Their product designs were also admired for their unique quality and lasting appeal, which resulted in projects that remained contemporary year after year.
The Designer: Poul Henningsen
Poul Henningsen was renowned for a series of lighting fixtures that resulted from his fascination with the invention of the electric light bulb. In 1925, one of PH’s fixtures won first prize for modern lighting at the Paris Exposition of Decorative Arts. The next year, it was put into production by Louis Poulsen & Co. in Copenhagen, and it had been in continuous international demand ever since.
PH wanted to recreate the soft gas lighting of his youth in his electric fixtures. Composed of concentric tiers of reflective painted metal bands, the PH design was carefully based on scientific analysis of a lampshade’s function. It evenly distributed light and reduced glare – which determined the size, shape and position of the shades. The variations of the PH lamp designs accommodated various functions and spaces, and within a few years of its introduction, the PH lamp was used in world-class institutions and homes across Scandinavia.
Henningsen continued to design for Louis Poulsen despite his early success, and in 1958, he produced yet another classic – the majestic Artichoke lamp. Based on the same principle as the multilayered shade, the Artichoke employed leaf-like elements to compose the form. With its grand size, the Artichoke created dramatic atmospheric lighting appropriate for elegant commercial settings and larger domestic spaces.
It is based on the principle of a reflecting multi-shade system, creating a harmonious and glare free light. The glass shades were drawn over a logarithmic spiral, with the center of the light source placed in the spiral’s focal point.
Louis Poulsen’s lighting philosophy is based on the three elements. Each of these described an aspect we consider to be vital and important to lighting. Together, they provided the foundation for unique and comfortable lighting solutions.
Products By Poul Henningsen
The Designer: Arne Jacobsen
Arne Jacobsen was a world famous Danish modernistic architect – having designed numerous buildings in Denmark, Germany, and the United Kingdom. Among his more famous projects are the National Bank in Copenhagen (1971), SAS Royal Hotel & Terminal, Copenhagen (1960), and St. Catherine’s College in Oxford, UK (1963).
As an architect, Arne Jacobsen had very strong decision making skills, making it possible for him to influence not only the design of the building itself, but the majority of the details. Over the years, he ventured into various fields related to his work, such as light fixtures, furniture, cutlery, door handles, sanitary fixtures, fabrics, and wallpaper patterns. “The Egg” and “The Swan” were two famous chairs designed by Jacobsen.
During Arne Jacobsen’s lifetime, he received several prestigious awards both at home and abroad. He became a professor at the Royal Danish Academy for 11 years and through that, he influenced an entire generation of Danish Architects. Each eventually developed a unique architectural language, built upon the same rationalistic and minimalist approach toward architecture.
Products By Arne Jacobsen
The Designer: Shoichi Uchiyama
Shoichi Uchiyama founded the Shoichi Uchiyama Design Office in 1977, and committed to creation of lighting fixtures with glare-free indirect light that made objects beautiful, and allowed people to feel the texture and depth of objects. He sought for quality lighting through the design of lighting fixtures, and devotes himself to realize the beautiful effect of indirect light in space.
As a basic concept, Uchiyama created ideal light distribution and the elimination of uncomfortable glare though controlled lighting – founded by his understanding of light source characteristics. He believed that the verification process for lighting effect, in particular, was essential to pursue high-quality lighting. Shoichi Uchiyama prepared a full-scale mockup of the fixture with an actual light source. Then, he examined the intensity and color of light, with shadows caster on the objects as well as the fixture’s aesthetics appearance. The strict design of the process led to the creation of a simple and functional form, with a touch of minimalistic beauty found in Japanese tradition.
Uchiyama’s lighting fixtures were created through an accurate calculation of light, as the proof of his design philosophy. He won the iF Award in Germany and the Good Design Award in Japan for designs created by his unique talent.
Products By Shoichi Uchiyama
Verner Panton introduced a series of modern lamps with personalities unlike any of his Scandinavian contemporaries. His inspirational and colorful personality inspired a special sense for color, shape, light function and space. With remarkable faith in the unlimited possibilities of form, he worked successfully to create a new set of theories about light function and influence.
‘The main purpose of my work is to provoke people into using their imagination. Most people spend their lives living in dreary, grey-beige conformity, mortally afraid of using colors. By experimenting with lighting, colors, textiles and furniture and utilizing the latest technologies, I try to show new ways, to encourage people to use their imagination and make their surroundings more exciting,” said Verner Panton
Verner had a very clear attitude regarding his work and regarding shape, color and function. At the same time, he made conscious and brave use of different materials. His use of different materials often led to his contemporaries disparaging the ‘timelessness’ of his design. The great interest in his design today proves the opposite.
Products By Verner Panton
Louis Poulsen Limited Edition Collection
Louis Poulsen lighting product designs are admired for the unique quality and lasting appeal, resulting in projects that remain contemporary year after year. Over the years, iconic limited editions are reproduced in appreciation of its value in interior design, and contemporary trends being reflected more and more in lighting.
Louis Poulsen PH Artichoke Gold 50th Anniversary Edition (2008)
Louis Poulsen celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Poul Henningsen PH Artichoke by offering 50 units of the largest PH Artichoke with leaves gilded in 24-carat gold.
The Louis Poulsen PH Artichoke Gold 50th Anniversary Edition is a glare-free light that is highly sought after as a collector’s piece. Louis Poulsen only produced 50 limited editions – with each one of them numbered. The iconic light was designed by Poul Henningsen and was first created 40 years ago. This gold version of the PH Artichoke was the anniversary edition and sold as a 840mm diameter version.
Louis Poulsen PH 3 ½ – 3 Pendant Limited Edition (2014)
To mark Poul Henningsen’s 120th birthday on 9 September, Louis Poulsen launched the new PH 3½-3 pendant. It is based on Poul Henningsen’s original drawings from the late 1920s and early 1930s, featuring his renowned three-shade system. The pendant has metal shades, available in green, yellow, red and white. The fixture housing is silk mat brown and made of copper. All colours were based on Poul Henningsen’s color universe. The shades have a white painted rolled edge to accentuate the familiar profile of the three-shade fixture and created a beautiful optical symmetry.
The limited edition fixture is over 80 years old, although both modern and classic at the same time, making it ideally suited to a broad range of interior design environments. It is popularly regarded as a charming, rustic, functional and unpretentious fixture. The PH 3½-3 pendant is a piece of Danish lighting design history. It provided functional, decorative light, and gave any interior a boost simply by being there, whether lit or unlit. It is beautiful alone, or grouped with other fixtures.
Louis Poulsen PH 3 ½ – 3 Table Lamp Limited Edition (2015)
Limited edition of a classic – with the PH 3½-3 Table Lamp, Louis Poulsen presents a special edition of the classic lamp. It was created by Louis Poulsen and follows the original design by Poul Henningsens from the end of the 1920s to the beginning of the 1930s and is based on the famous three-shade-system. The PH 3 ½-3 construction remains on the original PH-drawings. The copper model of the PH 3 ½-3 was recreated with the original cast iron frame.
The PH 3½-3 Table Lamp Copper is 100% glare-free and was designed based on the principle of a reflecting three-shade-system, which directed most of the light downward. The lamp is equipped with two upper shades: together with the two lower glass shades, an opal glass shade pleasantly diffused the light. Additionally, a polished shade made of massive copper with a white lacquered inner surface, directed the soft light directly downwards on the table surface. Both of the opalised glass shades created a larger lighting surface to make efficient use of the light source. The glass shades have a polished outside and are matt on the inside. The downward light is both soft and pleasant.
The surface of the PH 3½-3 Table Lamp Copper is highly polished but according to its surroundings, a patina will develop over time. If desired, this patina gives the lamp even greater individuality. “We know that many people like the development of a patina on the copper surface of their lamp” explained division manager Pia Knudsen. “Therefore, Louis Poulsen decided to leave the surfaces of this and many other copper lamps untreated and unpainted. The patina process already starts with the montage and continues in the further production and distribution process. Hence, whenever the product is finally unpacked, the oxidation might have already been started. Enclosed to each and every lamp, there is a pair of white cotton gloves included to avoid leaving finger prints when installing the lamp.”
About XTRA Furniture
Established in 1995, XTRA has made its name as a premier importer and retailer of progressive furniture and lighting in Malaysia. XTRA actively promotes design culture in Malaysia through assembling a truly diversified collection to introduce popular and under-appreciated designers around the world. Its 20,000 square foot multi-brands showroom is situated in the deluxe Gardens Mall.
The professionalism and selection of brands reflect the discerning tastes of its design-savvy clientele. XTRA’s impeccable collection under XTRA Design boasts iconic pieces that reflect today’s lifestyle, and features living solutions that marry elements of style, comfort and quality.